IT595 Week 4

Topic: Understanding How People Learn and Designing Learning Environments

  • Text: Driscoll (2011). Psychological foundations of instructional design. In R. A. Reiser & J. V. Dempsey (Eds). Trends and Issues in Instructional Design and Technology (3rd ed.). Allyn & Bacon. Ch. 4
  • Richey, R. C., Klein, J. D., & Tracey, M. W. (2010). The Instructional Design Knowledge Base: Theory, Research, and Practice. Routledge. Ch. 4
  • Robinson, Molenda, & Rezabeck (2008). Facilitating Learning. In A. Januszewski & M. Molenda (Eds.), Educational Technology: A Definition with Commentary. Lawrence Erlbaum. Ch. 2

The goals of this session are for you to explore and take time to examine various learning theories from an instructional/educational technology perspective. It is important that you reflect and identify what instructional strategies the different learning theoretical perspectives support or help create in our field. It is also important that you begin to identify how various theories have affected our field.

Asynchronous Activities on Blackboard Due Prior to Synchronous Class Meeting on 9/13

Due: Your post is due 9/10 at 7pm and your comments to other participants are due 9/12 at 7pm.

  1. Why bother with understanding how people learn?
    • Discuss what you now know about learning based on course readings, materials, and your prior experiences. As Educational/Instructional Technology professionals, why do you think we have to be mindful about understanding how people learn? How does understanding how people learn affect the way we design formal and/or informal learning environments?
  2. Create a matrix of your understanding of learning theories
    • Watch the instructor presentation below by clicking on the image or by going to:
    • This presentation will help you organize your ideas for creating the matrix for the asynchronous activity that represents your understanding of learning theories.
    • Click here for the story board to this lecture.
    • In your matrix you must include at a minimum discussion on what we know about behavior-focused learning, cognitive-focused learning, and knowledge construction-focused learning. Not all readings you find will use the exact same terms as the above so you will have to interpret the materials you read. For each types of learning you need to include a discussion on the learners, learning environment, assessment/evaluation, and a minimum of two more areas you find are important to discuss. There is a sample matrix posted in Blackboard. Please note, this matrix was part of a course assignment that I previously taught and therefore perhaps is further developed than what you may be able to prepare for an asynchronous discussion activity.
  1. Post comments to your assigned peers--Rotation B
    • Read posts of your assigned peers for all of the above discussions and provide your comments by 9/12 at 7pm. Your assigned peers are posted in Blackboard, follow Rotation B. Note, you are welcomed to provide comments to participants other than your assigned peers.
  2. Open forum--I need to discuss this out before I can develop a further understanding of a particular learning theory
    • This is a voluntary open forum for you to list questions and new insights you gained about particular learning theories.

Synchronous Activities on 9/13 During Class Hours on Blackboard Collaborate

Discussion Material


  1. Logistical check in
  2. Asynchronous activities summary, synthesis, and whole group discussion
  3. Instructor Presentation
  4. Breakout Room Discussions (Activity Description)
  5. Whole Class Discussions



  1. Individual check in with instructor as needed and individual work time for class.

Last updated September 13, 2012